Pat Brain (my Father) who died on January 25th of this year had a lot of abilities. He was born on November 3rd 1935 during the middle of the depression. Like today there was a major crisis of capitalism with the rise of fascism and World War 2 which broke out on September 3rd 1939. One of the things which he was trying to understand scientifically explain why crisis and such barbarism humanity had to go through. The turning point was when he met the Trotskyists in Canada during February 1957 which gave him a scientific understanding of these processes. When he became a Trotskyist he read Jack London’s novel the Iron Heel which anticipated fascism if the fight for Socialism was not successful.

Pat said history can be more drawn out. An example he gave he was thinking the depression in 2008 after the financial crisis of Autumn of 2008 he was expecting all his life. A new generation are radicalizing against capitalism’s barbarism. As Trotsky said in Whither France if capitalism continues to rule things will go from bad to worse. The only thing stopping the outbreak of World War 3 is nuclear suicide. It will not prevent if forever. There was talk on a Panorama programme of Trump using nuclear weapons. It is important the working class defeat Lepen because a fascist regime could lead to nuclear suicide. These threats will cause tremendous revolutionary upheavals. Even if the fascists rule for a while (which Trotskyists do everything to prevent) there attempts to impose austerity by destroying the labour movement will cause a backlash. If Trump or the French fascists threaten nuclear suicide the masses will deal with them severely.

By Pat being a dialectician he said Trotskyism would re-emerge as the polar-opposite to fascism. He said when the BNP on their first two seats at the 2009 European elections. Within a fortnight of Pat’s analysis there was a book a BBC Radio 4 reading a book on Trotsky’s life which included how American Trotskyist Joseph Hansen helped him. I found out that one of the reasons Hansen was chosen was his ability to drive cars. One of the things Pat said he learnt from me is that all the historic information are contained in books. He learnt this by me getting out of a library multi-volume biography edited by Martin Gilbert. Gilbert had access to Churchill’s private papers. Me and Pat were looking everywhere for signs of the re-emergence of the pre-Barnes American SWP politics. On this we worked as a team.

In Pat’s opinion the pre-Barnes American SWP was the most capable leadership outside of Lenin and Trotsky’s Bolshevik Party. He went to two SWP Conventions:- 1957 and 1961. One of the first things Pat had to know what the character of the Hungarian uprising in 1956 was. On the way to the 1957 Convention the SWP majority who saw the workers councils challenging the bureaucracy was the beginning of a political revolution was arguing in a motor vehicle with a Marcyite minority was for the Soviet Union’s invasion to crush it. There were two other disputes at this Convention. There was a current around Albert Phillips who argued the workers’ states were “State Capitalist”. SWP national secretary Farrell Dobbs polemicized against those two currents. Then there was the dispute between George Breitman defending Black Nationalism and Dick Fraser who argued the Afro Americans were not an oppressed nationality. These discussions enriched Pat’s education. The good thing is that all these documents of this period are available on the Marxist Internet Archive.

Pat like Pablo and American Trotskyist Jim Cannon saw the preparations for World War 3 would be directed at the workers’ states and the Colonial revolution against Imperialism. This he maintained despite the capitalist inroads after 1989. Imperialism perused attempted capitalist restoration through other means. During the 2000s I remember Pat saying said Clinton hesitated bombing Serbia during 1999 due to fears the Russian bureaucracy would kick Yeltsin out as President. The victory of Putin’s wing of the bureaucracy despite their limitations is stopping Imperialism going any further in intervening in other workers’ states and semi-colonies. Lenin and Trotsky argued if the Imperialism loses a lot of the resources they own in the Colonies they would not be able to rule their Imperialist strangleholds in the same manner. They have to make the working and middle class to pay this price for losing their super-profits within the semi-colonies. Pat could not believe how the ex-Trotskyists degenerated by supporting either the NATO intervention in Libya or Imperialism’s agents in the rebels. There were signs of this in how they supported NATO intervention or were neutral when NATO bombed the workers’ states in Serbia and Montenegro.

The victory of the Chinese and Cuban Socialist revolutions led to a mass radicalization of middle class youth within Japan; America; and Western Europe. The struggle for independence within Africa led to the Afro American Civil Rights movement emerging within America during the mid-1950s. Pat agreed with the SWP around Brietman in orienting to the radicalizing Black Nationalist force around Malcolm X who was moving towards Socialism. Brietman argued Malcolm X’s evolution showed the applicability of Trotsky’s theory of Permanent Revolution applicable to America. Trotsky developed the theory of Permanent Revolution that the traditional tasks of capitalist revolutions in weakening oppression could only succeed by combining it with socialist tasks which would overthrow capitalism. It was the Canadian Trotskyists during the 1960s that developed the theory of combined revolution by understanding how to orientate towards manifestations of what became known as 2nd wave Feminism. Pat played an important role in these discussions.

Despite the electoral rise of the fascist Lepen there is everything to play for. The fact that someone that comes out of the Trotskyist movement by the name of Jean-Luc Melchanon gaining nearly 20% of the vote shows a significant radicalisation. It is good that Melenchon has argued you do not vote for Bourgeois candidates on principle. There were protests against the would-be Bonapartist Macron on last Saturday. Last night the protests within Paris were against both Lepen and Macron. This vote around Melchanon should be translated into fighting Macron’s austerity or defence of right to defend unions and political parties, alongside of democratic rights if Lepen tries to destroy through trying to consolidate a fascist regime.

Everybody should read “Whither France”. There are many parallels with the situation today. During 1934 the French middle class were breaking from the main capitalist party the radical party and started polarizing between left and right. Last night the main capitalist party did not enter the 2nd round of the Presidential election. Also a major Social Democratic party has been decimated, reduced to a 6 or 8% rump. The difference was that the Social Democratic SFIO had a mass base. They are being replaced in the working class movement by moves in the direction of revolutionary politics.

There were also the rise of fascism when Trotsky wrote this work. Without a revolutionary upheaval he saw a major danger of rising fascism. He predicted the revolutionary upheaval of May-June 1936 when millions of French workers started occupying their factories challenging the capitalist owners of these industries. Trotsky re-states the revolutionary Marxist principle that voting for capitalist parties strengthens fascism’s strongholds over the middle class because out of their pauperisation via austerity they go over to the politics of despair. The big difference today from when Trotsky was writing during the 1930s there are whole layers of working class and middle class radicalizing and looking for revolutionary change within France as reflected in the Melchnaon phenomena. There are dangers of Macron playing a Bonapartist role. I think he be unsuccessful due to the mass desires to end austerity. Fascism in France is also a stronger electoral force than was in the mid-1930s.

Trotsky was a dialectician who did not rule a return to Bourgeois Parliament and Social Democracy granting concessions after the May-June 1936 sit down strike revolutionary upheaval. Macron’s role as a Bonapartist is to attempt austerity by further anti-Labour laws and curtail the fascists if they threaten a revolutionary backclash against them. If Lepen wins the election there is calls for mass expulsions of immigrants. She also be attempting to attack the organised working class, even attempting to destroy their rights to organise. It is good there were protests against Lepen and Macron.

Right wing Social Democracy did too much damage with their capitulation to austerity under Hollande. In the end Melenchon could not close the gap between him with Lepen or Macron. His candicacy has stopped a bigger reactionary development. I do not know much about the Lambertists within France. The capitalist papers claim that he was a Lambertist from 1968 to 1978. They say for a period he moved away from Trotskyism. Their analysis was that he was moving back towards some sort of Trotskyist politics. It is not in the main ruling class’s interests for Lepen to come to power because she could effect French capitalist trade with their biggest trading partner in the EU. They are also frightened if it leads to an upheaval of the working class or the oppressed due to racist beatings and murders could threaten their rule with a Socialist revolution. There are 3,000 neighborhood committees backing the Melchanon movement. This can be combined with the 20% vote in this election and fighting Macron’s austerity and any moves towards fascism can begin to seriously challenge Capitalist rule. The Bourgeois media could ignore Trotskyism last night due to Melenchon not reaching the 2nd round. This be different if they lead millions on the streets. In that situation they could be obsessed with this in a bigger way than the revolutionary upheaval of May-June 1968!

March 13th 2017

Lenin when he wrote “What is to be done” that revolutionaries had to oppose every Tsarist oppression on every oppressed social layers. This correct method can be extended to oppose all oppression in the Imperialist countries and semi-Colonies. It is one of the worse mistakes to compare the biggest radicalisation which the movement against Trump’s Mexico wall represents with the worse Imperialist reaction which World War 1 represented to the February 1917 in Russia Undermined.

There seems to be similar distortions in saying Lenin supported the Capitalist state by attacking the Anarchists. Kautsky when he broke from Marx and Engels made similar distortions on their attitude to the capitalist state. Revolutionary Marxists do not support the Capitalist state. It is our worse enemy. The main difference with the Anarchists is that we want to weaken and ultimately overthrow the capitalist state by taken millions of workers and sizable middle class layers as well as Afro Americans; Chicano; women; and gays/lesbians through orienting to their concrete struggles to see why this is necessary.

There are contradictory lines in the latest Militant. They contradict themselves with October 1917 type revolutions are imminent and then say you cannot defeat Trump on his wall. The quotes from Lenin indicate that he was opposed to Imperialist Tsarist Russia or any Imperialist power seizing any territory. He saw this as an important principle of Revolutionary Defeatism. Trotsky agreed with Lenin on this but without the October 1917 Russian revolution Russia would have been broken up in a colony exploited by Imperialism. Trotsky’s theory of Permanent Revolution is applicable everywhere. The combined revolution as explained in the previous paragraph in how to make strategic alliances against Trump is the concrete application of Permanent Revolution to American conditions.

Anthony Brain

Birmingham England

Due to the dual nature of Stalinism they sometimes work with Imperialism to derail world revolution and gain some concessions for these castes to have more room to breathe. At the same time they can be involved with life and death battles with Imperialism and their capitalist agents who try to destroy their privileges who are based on revolutions which have overthrown Capitalism. Ho Cho Minh was in the Stalinist-run Communist Third International (commonly called Comintern0 before he built his big base in Vietnam.

Ho came to prominence in the fight against Japanese Imperialism. It was the Vietminh who were the main fighting guerrilla force fighting Japanese Imperialism during World War 2. According to Encloypedia Britannica American Imperialism armed them. How true this is open for further research. Ho could be playing a vital role in Vietnam during World War 2 due to a deal by American-British Imperialism with the Soviet Bureaucracy. In order to incorporate the Soviet Bureaucracy Imperialism may have made these concessions. In South Vietnam there was a mass Trotskyist party from the mid-1930s to 1945 who were murdered by Ho’s Stalinists. Both Imperialism and the Stalinists may have needed to contain this threat of Trotskyism.

American Imperialism dropped the two Atomic bombs to stop the Red Army’s expansion in Asia. This failed as the Red Army reached what is called today North Korea. In Saigon during 1945 a large nnumber of Trotskyists were murdered because they felt with Ho’s declaration of independence from French Imperialism now was the time to start an immediate Socialist revolution. Trotskyism had to be crushed because Ho would never consolidate a rising bureaucratic caste without suppressing the vanguard fighting for workers democracy. Ho did not fully trust French Imperialism who would drive him out of Hanoi at the first opportunity.

The Soviet Union during the mid-and-late 1930s armed Chaing-kai-Shek and the Chinese Communist Party to stop the rapid conquest of Chinese territory from Japanese Imperialism. In the end even this did not prevent a 8 – 10 month border war between 1938 and 1939 within Manchuria between Japanese and Soviet Union troops. French Imperialism drove Ho out of Hanoi in late 1946. The Vietminh resorted to guerrilla warfare tactics to 1950 when after the success of the Chinese Socialist revolution they receive massive military aid. It was the superior Chinese provided artillery which won the battle of Dien Phen Blu.

Stalinism as American Trotskyist Tom Kerry argued is the most contradictory social phenomena. It can lead to betrayals and major setbacks in the world revolution. At the same time to defend their social base rooted in workers’ states they can take things forwards in big ways. Trotsky when argued against the theory of Bureaucratic Callectivsm in a book entitled “In defence of Marxism” he gave no credit to the Stalinist castes but their economic foundation because of their economic base. I am researching documents on how China hss salvaged at least Cuba; Nicaragua; and Russia as workers’ states. This one of the next documents I am researching. If these parasitic bureaucratic castes are not overthrown enormous potential wastage which can provoke uncontrollable crisis at any time.

As Trotsky argued in defence of Marxism that you cannot go forward to new gains unless you defend socio-economic conquests of the workers’ states. Capitalism is one of its worse crisis today with its equilibrium nearly being semi-destroyed. I learning quite a bit on the Encloypedia Britannica. When Willy Brandt went to East Germany during 1970 as part of his reapproachment which was called Ostpolik there was a feeling for reunification. Even then there were illusions in Capitalism within East Germany. Stalinism made this worse by their brutal and stupid Berlin Wall they built. Jayne Kelly was correct the Soviet and East German Bureaucracy had to give the East German workers the highest standard of living to undermine West German Capital.

The tensions between French and German Imperialism have not gone away. French Imperialism only agreed to German Reunification during 1990 if they agreed to the EURO. Due to the defeats of Imperialism in the semi-colonies and workers’ states and rise of radicalization within the Imperialist countries we Trotskyists have the greatest opportunities to complete the world revolution. if the Dutch or German fascists are more provocative causing civil war and war with Turkey and leading to mass internal opposition the mass movement can smash this fascist scum rapidly.

Due to the dual nature of Stalinism they sometimes work with Imperialism to derail world revolution and gain some concessions for these castes to have more room to breathe. At the same time they can be involved with life and death battles with Imperialism and their capitalist agents who try to destroy their privileges who are based on revolutions which have overthrown Capitalism. Ho Cho Minh was in the Stalinist-run Communist Third International (commonly called Comintern0 before he built his big base in Vietnam.

Ho came to prominence in the fight against Japanese Imperialism. It was the Vietminh who were the main fighting guerrilla force fighting Japanese Imperialism during World War 2. According to Encloypedia Britannica American Imperialism armed them. How true this is open for further research. Ho could be playing a vital role in Vietnam during World War 2 due to a deal by American-British Imperialism with the Soviet Bureaucracy. In order to incorporate the Soviet Bureaucracy Imperialism may have made these concessions. In South Vietnam there was a mass Trotskyist party from the mid-1930s to 1945 who were murdered by Ho’s Stalinists. Both Imperialism and the Stalinists may have needed to contain this threat of Trotskyism.

American Imperialism dropped the two Atomic bombs to stop the Red Army’s expansion in Asia. This failed as the Red Army reached what is called today North Korea. In Saigon during 1945 a large nnumber of Trotskyists were murdered because they felt with Ho’s declaration of independence from French Imperialism now was the time to start an immediate Socialist revolution. Trotskyism had to be crushed because Ho would never consolidate a rising bureaucratic caste without suppressing the vanguard fighting for workers democracy. Ho did not fully trust French Imperialism who would drive him out of Hanoi at the first opportunity.

The Soviet Union during the mid-and-late 1930s armed Chaing-kai-Shek and the Chinese Communist Party to stop the rapid conquest of Chinese territory from Japanese Imperialism. In the end even this did not prevent a 8 – 10 month border war between 1938 and 1939 within Manchuria between Japanese and Soviet Union troops. French Imperialism drove Ho out of Hanoi in late 1946. The Vietminh resorted to guerrilla warfare tactics to 1950 when after the success of the Chinese Socialist revolution they receive massive military aid. It was the superior Chinese provided artillery which won the battle of Dien Phen Blu.

Stalinism as American Trotskyist Tom Kerry argued is the most contradictory social phenomena. It can lead to betrayals and major setbacks in the world revolution. At the same time to defend their social base rooted in workers’ states they can take things forwards in big ways. Trotsky when argued against the theory of Bureaucratic Callectivsm in a book entitled “In defence of Marxism” he gave no credit to the Stalinist castes but their economic foundation because of their economic base. I am researching documents on how China hss salvaged at least Cuba; Nicaragua; and Russia as workers’ states. This one of the next documents I am researching. If these parasitic bureaucratic castes are not overthrown enormous potential wastage which can provoke uncontrollable crisis at any time.

As Trotsky argued in defence of Marxism that you cannot go forward to new gains unless you defend socio-economic conquests of the workers’ states. Capitalism is one of its worse crisis today with its equilibrium nearly being semi-destroyed. I learning quite a bit on the Encloypedia Britannica. When Willy Brandt went to East Germany during 1970 as part of his reapproachment which was called Ostpolik there was a feeling for reunification. Even then there were illusions in Capitalism within East Germany. Stalinism made this worse by their brutal and stupid Berlin Wall they built. Jayne Kelly was correct the Soviet and East German Bureaucracy had to give the East German workers the highest standard of living to undermine West German Capital.

The tensions between French and German Imperialism have not gone away. French Imperialism only agreed to German Reunification during 1990 if they agreed to the EURO. Due to the defeats of Imperialism in the semi-colonies and workers’ states and rise of radicalization within the Imperialist countries we Trotskyists have the greatest opportunities to complete the world revolution. if the Dutch or German fascists are more provocative causing civil war and war with Turkey and leading to mass internal opposition the mass movement can smash this fascist scum rapidly.

(I have published this leaflet to build the anti-Trump protest. I have left out certain controversial ideas in order to keep the unity of the campaign. In my opinion this article should be widely circulated in the campaign as its explains our aim and its way forward)

Millions of workers and sizeable middle class layers by protesting at Trump’s visit could change the course of world history again for the best. These millions of workers and their allies in this country pioneered Trade Unions and a mass Labour Party. There has also been important legislation by oppressed ethnicities (a term Sociologists use to describe race) to make it illegal to racially discriminate in employment and housing allocation. There have been also important social movements to fight against discrimination against women. Additionally there have been important gains for abortion rights; criminalising rape in marriage; and increased rights for women not to be harassed in any manner. On February 15th 2003 Britain saw the biggest demonstration against the impending Iraq war. One of the positive gains of the 1997-2010 Labour government was the Disability discrimination Act which enabled me through the Disabled enabling centre to study at the University of Wolverhampton from September 2004 to January 2011.

A lot of these gains have to be defended. It is important that the biggest protest against Trump is organised because what he stands for is against a lot of this good change. Trump is a right-wing populist. There are more sinister forces such as fascism in Europe who are trying to take advantage of these right wing trends. if Trump is defeated by mass action forces, the fascists can be destroyed at the same time.

In order to defeat elements of 1% western rich you need a programme against austerity. Layers of this 1% could behind Trump’s scapegoating. These are the best demands to defeat them. This will mean working class and disabled students being able to study more. A good chance alongside the protests for free education is Labour Party gaining a landslide under Jermany Corbyn’s leadership whenever the nest genera; election is announced free education becomes a reality for everybody. There be well paid jobs so council house could be rebuilt and refurbished. These anti-Trump protests can begin to challenge on m mass scale racist and sexist prejudice!

Pat Brain was born on November 3rd 1935 in Aston, Birmingham. He lived to 81 because he build up a great immune system from having Phenomena from 2 to 3. What kept him alive was being a popular enternatneer in World War 2; and becoming a really convinced Socialist/Trotskyist when he was 21. Pat was one of the most kindest; wittiest; intelligent; and incorporate everybody except the super-rich who have to be overthrown. He believed the Soviet Union could crush Nazi Germany. Mr Birch his head-teacher at Sacred Heart School said he was destined to great things. An indication of this was that Pat knew Washington was the capital of the United States As a tenor singer he inspired the Birmingham civilian population to ease the psychological terror of Nazi bombing. Due to reading mass moods in Aston he knew the Labour Party candidate Woodrow Wyatt would be elected at Labour MP at the landslide July 1945 general election. Before he left school his favourite singer was Al Jolson.

In 2001 he said to his most favourite family colleges his next two favourite Jews were Karl Marx and Leon Trotsky. Before that happened he had to move to Canada. One of the things that radicalised Pat was the big Trade Union marches in the early to mid-to-mid 1959s. He first heard of Trotsky from a Labour Party member at the GEC factory he worked for at 6 years in Birmingham. It was over a period of approximately 18 months that he saved to Canada. By meeting the DeLeonist Socialist Labour Party Pat became convinced of Socialism. He would not join them because they were so sectarian as to be right-wing by refusing to intervene into a strike because it was a diversion from abstract theory.

The key concept he learned from the American SWP tendency from 1957 to Barnes dumped Trotskyism was salvaging cadres. A cadre are a group of comrades who can quickly analyse new situations to take the struggles forward for higher wages; against Racism; Sexism; and xenophobia (fear or hatred of those born in other countries). This is why he wants comrades like Jenny Birch and Rachael Horwitz not to be upset by petty gossip. Two of Pat’s favorite CPNs who treated me when I was seriously ill was Diane Ryles and Nicola Cassey who turned me into a better person. He also liked how Serena Kelly; Alexanadra Fox; and Emma Uden helped overcome serious problems with Autism. He was never sectarian to those breaking from Stalinism. Ron Dorman told me and Pat in confidence during 1998 that Trotsky is coming back in a big way if world revolution rises. I saw on Twitter several months ago that Putin is going to praise Trotsky in a big way for organising the October 1917 Russian Socialist revolution. Trotskyists have to be cautions to see if Putin does this. Time will tell! Elements of the Russian Stalinist Bureaucracy maybe thinking it is better to adopt to Trotsky partly to delay the political revolution in full swing.

He Built a Youth organisation out of 40 on his and Ernie Tate’s efforts. One key protest Pat organised was against the American Imperialist provocations during the Cuban Missile crisis during October 1962. In August 1964 Pat used the Younge Street bookshop headquarters to launch an emergency protest of the first American Imperialist bombing of North Vietnam. This helped built the anti-war movement which ended the Vietnam War. This was very important it did not escalate because in the early to mid-1960s China carried out an Atomic test. Another important highlight were when American Trotskyist Farrell Dobbs sent Pat with Joe Hensbury the organiser because they were organising a Teamsters strike in 1962.

Pat worked full for the movement between 1966 and 1967. A comrade found him a job as a Post Office Engineer. One of Phil Hearse’s best friends Frank Hansen who I met a conference on solidarity struggles with the fight for workers democracy two weeks before Tiananmen Square who was impressed how Pat polemicized against the Spartacus League who were sectarian to the struggles for democratic rights within Eastern Europe due to their adaptation to Stalinism. Due to the Ultra-leftism he broke from the IMG in February 1974. He met Marian through Sabana Esterson (Roberts) through the National Abortion Campaign. Pat thought Maggie (My Aunt) and her sisters + brothers have brought up children who they can be proud of. Pat brought Zach; Josh; Lauren; and Byron the Cosmos space series in 2007. This was his favourite scientific programme whose Alexander Library in Ancient times reminded him of the intellectual; discussions in the Trotskyist movement where we are not afraid not to discuss anything.

Pat died on January 25th 2016. in the immortal words of American Trotskyist Jim Cannon when he spoke at a Trotsky memorial meeting of 1940;:- we are the pioneers of the future Socialist-Communist society! if we carry in the footsteps of Pat we can accomplish world socialist revolutions in our lifetimes de to rapid capitalist decay. Then everybody’s talents within the confines of natural changes can be more effectively utilized!